As a developer, there are a few things that you should understand about the internet. Knowing what’s happening behind-the-scenes as you browse the web is one of those things. In this blog post, let’s work through one deceptively simple question:
What happens when you type “Google.com” into your web browser?
By typing “Google.com” into your browser, you’re asking two questions: who is google, and how do I get there? That question is posed to your Internet Service Provider, or ISP. Common ISPs in the US are Verizon and Comcast. The ISP sends your request to a Domain Name Server (DNS), which is essentially a phonebook that stores URLs and their related IP addresses. The DNS sends the address back to you through the ISP.
And voilà! Now Google.com is loaded and ready for you to search for something interesting, like “What IS the Internet?” ;-)
Try it for yourself. Open your browser, and type in the IP address 18.104.22.168 into the URL bar. Report back what you see in the comments!